What is plaque?
It is a sticky film of bacteria that coats teeth. It consumes sugars in the foods we eat, and releases acids as a waste product. These acids slowly eat away at the enamel of teeth, and if left unchecked, can cause tooth decay. Over time, the plaque layer on teeth can harden to become tartar or calculus. This hard layer continues to release acids, and is even harder to remove than regular plaque. It is a leading cause of gingivitis, early stage gum disease.
What causes it?
It is naturally occurring bacteria in our mouths, and it can never be permanently eradicated. It becomes a problem when it is not regularly removed from our teeth by brushing and flossing.
What is tartar or calculus?
Tartar and calculus are both names for hardened plaque. This can be removed during a regular dental hygiene visit.
How can I prevent plaque?
You can’t prevent the formation of it, but there are things you can do to minimize the damage it can cause. You can fight it and prevent its buildup by:
What can Dr. Koutsioukis do about it?
Dr. Koutsioukis will certainly advise you on how to properly brush and floss, since this is your first and best defense against it. During your regular visits, Dr. Koutsioukis or our dental hygienist will give your teeth a very thorough cleaning, and use instruments to remove tartar buildup. Dr. Koutsioukis may be able to use special dental sealants on your molars, where decay often starts.